Rainbow Housing Co-operative began in 1976 when a group of 7 or 8 people who wanted to live more communally got together to look for alternative accommodation – alternative that is to the type of housing then available from Milton Keynes Development Corporation (MKDC). Around that time the Railway cottages in New Bradwell were being demolished to make way for new housing. Fortunately the two remaining rows of railway cottages in Spencer Street were saved by a preservation order, and it became MKDC’s responsibility to find a suitable use for them. The group negotiated with MKDC and were eventually offered Spencer Street, provided enough like-minded people could be found, and that former tenants were offered accomodation. MKDC renovated the cottages in consultation with the group, and in May 1978 the first Rainbow tenants moved in.